Language Development in newborn children is a slow process and is dependent upon the exposure of the child with the people and the surrounding environment. Studies have shown that some children speak very early but some children take too much time to process and memorize the information that they are acquiring daily. Language development is also related with the number of languages that the child will interact with, and can delay if there is any primary learning difficulty with the child. Parents play a very significant role in the child’s language acquisition process, especially during the initial five years. It also mainly depends upon a parent’s connection with the child.
A child’s speech and language expresses the thoughts, dreams, and all the feelings that he has. Language also employs the use of phonics, syntax, pragmatics and many other things which are to be correctly acquired by the child in the process of language development. Initially, a child uses gestures and signs to express his feelings. The first three years of the life of the child are highly crucial for the speech language development as the brain of the child is growing at a very rapid speed during these years. Language development is very quick when the child is exposed to the surroundings that are bursting with scenes and sounds of things.
The communication of the child begins as soon as he is born. Infants mostly cry to express their need of food, console, and protection in the initial days of their life. The voice of a child’s mother is familiar to the newborn when the infant is in the womb. Newborns also start to identify other recognizable sounds in their surroundings and also discover not to be frightened by a usual louder sound or other noises while they are in their initial years. When they become older, they can distinguish between the phonemes or the other sounds of speech. This forms the basis for the language development of newborns. Latest researches on similar topic have demonstrated that the children of 6 months age have the ability to identify the fundamental sounds of their mother tongue.
When the child has reached 18 months, he is able to speak 8 to 10 words of his mother tongue. At the age of 2 years, children have the ability to join the common words together in small sentences for example “more juice”. In the later stages of life, the child’s vocabulary continues to grow and he can comprehend the language better with age.